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POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common medical problem related to women. It’s a hormonal issue that disturbs the female body physically and mentally. Every 1-2 women out of 10 are diagnosed with PCOS. It’s not a disease it is a condition that creates problems in women’s reproductive organs. Yes, ovaries are affected from this condition and become unable to function properly. As we know ovaries are responsible for releasing eggs in a female’s body but in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) their function gets disturbed. As male hormone called Androgen occurs in female’s body and this endocrine disorder becomes serious due to increasing amount of androgen.

Androgen; a male hormone, imbalances the levels of female hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. In PCOS, ovaries become cystic means, ovaries get multiple cysts. Basically cysts are kind of membranous bags filled with fluid, air, or any other substance. Cysts can be grown on every part of the body or under the skin. This condition becomes severe gradually and starts showing symptoms after some period of time. PCOS is treated and can be controlled but it’s said that its roots can not be eradicated permanently, it just gets better with time and proper treatment. 

POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME

Symptoms : PCOS

In Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) females face various symptoms, but not all symptoms are faced by every women. Symptoms can be mild and severe too. Here’s the list of symptoms;

  • Acne and pimples 
  • Irregular periods/ disturbed menstrual cycle, sometimes women don’t get any periods. 
  • Weight gain
  • Depression 
  • Mood swings
  • Hirsutism (Excess hair growth on the neck, chin, back and pelvic region)
  • Hair loss 
  • Women also face problems while conceiving. PCOS also leads to infertility problems. 

2-3% of the females challenge these problems in their childbearing age, the World Health Organization (WHO) declares that 116 million women are the victims of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome(PCOS). Moreover, Global estimation says the number of PCOS patients is highly variable it can go from 2-3% to 26%.

How does body gain weight in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)? 

Due to hormonal imbalance, the body becomes insulin resistant. Insulin is a hormone that is secreted from the pancreas, insulin promotes the uptake of glucose and decreases sugar levels in the body. It also encounters those hormones which generate hyperglycemia. Insulin stops to function properly and body does not respond to glucose, when insulin is not responding to glucose, glucose is only converted into glycogen and gets stored in the liver but does not get into the cells. That’s why body gains weight and becomes unable to lose. 

Hair loss and Hirsutism

An imbalanced level of hormones disturbs everything, the reason for every symptom is almost the same. Androgen is a source of hair thinning and hair loss. These male hormones causes psychological distress to women. Whereas hirsutism means excess hair growth on different body parts such as the neck, shoulder, chin, back, and abdominal area. The cause is the same, androgen. 

Acne and Pimples

As ovaries start releasing androgen, they stimulate the secretion of oil called sebum secreted by the sebaceous gland. This sebum produces acne. In Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) women face severe acne of every type, some females have acne on their cheeks and forehead. Some have acne on the neck, back, and shoulders. Females use various products and masks on their face and they disappear temporarily. This is a hormonal problem which has to be cleared internally.

Menstrual Cycle and Mental Health

Female may have absent or irregular periods in pcos, due to abnormal hormonal levels. The effects of many cysts on ovaries stop them to ovulate. This does not cause any pain. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (pcos) effects mental health as well. Depression and anxiety are the main symptoms may be due to hormonal differences. 

Medications

POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME

Doctors prescribe medicines such as diane 35, metformin, glucophage etc to Pcos patients. These medicines work but regular uptake of medicines causes side effects as well. Not all tablets suit every women. If you feel fine and get no problem while having medicines then do continue it. Diane 35 works for regulation of hormones and women get periods on time after talking this medicine. So, many girls treat them selves from medications but sometimes doctors tell to do these course for 5-6 months which is a long period of time. Women also take antidepressants to stay relax. But to cure Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (Pcos) you should adopt a healthy lifestyle which is less expensive than buying medicines every month.

Why not treat it naturally?

How long you can have pills and tablets in your your life? Sometimes it annoys us to eat plenty of pills. We want our problems to be treated as soon as possible, nobody wants prolonged medical courses. So, the best way to cure Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (Pcos) is a lifestyle change. It’s all about regulating hormones so they can function properly. Lifestyle changes include healthy diet, proper sleep and physical activities. To run away from this, you have to adopt a healthy life style, which is beneficial for your entire life. You’ll never need anything in the future. 

health diet
Eat healthy to live more.

First thing to pay attention on is your diet

Vegetables ( 1 bowl, 2 times a day with your lunch and dinner)

Fruits ( 2 times a day before your lunch and at evening as snacks)

Plenty of water. ( Minimum up to 8-10 glasses)

Foods full of Protein and fiber like eggs, chicken, chickpeas, lentils, beans, fish and oats etc. 

Milk, yogurt and nuts.

Less and controlled amount of carbs, like no or less starchy food like potatoes.

No junk food.

No white flour and white breads

Avoid processed food

No sugar and desserts 

No soda drinks 

Avoid fried items and oily food. 

Some doctors say not to eat chicken while having PCOS but it’s not evident from any research that chicken is not good for Pcos patients. But if your doctor does not allow you, do not go for it take other protein foods. It’s difficult to ignore your taste buds and care about your body, but it’s important to take care of yourself first. Your symptoms and hormones can be regulated easily from healthy, clean and controlled eating. 

PCOS and other hormonal issues can be regulated through seed cycling.

Physical Activity (Your Physical Fitness is important)

POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME
This is not a seasonal activity, make it a part of life.

If you can not work out on a daily basis so take out 30-45 mins thrice a week. You must need physical exercise to boost up your energy levels and regulate your hormones. If you work the whole day and are doing maximum home chores so no need to do exercise. If you think you’ve burnt enough calories by working in a home and do not have time so skip the workout. And those who get tired by workouts can walk for 30-45 mins and then for 1 hour. It’s fine to walk and jog. It also regulates the working of the heart and endocrine system. Remember, physical activities are not only good for Polycystic ovaries but also reduce risks of other medical diseases. Be patient and stay consistent.

Syeda Areeba
When you cope with the battles of life you gain power, confidence and courage to look forward, always help yourself to become able to help others, i'm passionate to learn and write, actually sincere with everything i do.

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